Yemen. Hundreds of people, both government soldiers and
militant Islamists, were killed during the summer in clashes
between government troops and militant Islamist prayer
leader Husayn Badr ad-Din al-Huthi in the province of Sada
in the north of the country. According to
CountryAAH, the total population in Yemen is 29,825,975 people in 2020.
The government side accused the
former MP al-Huthi of damaging Yemen's stability, while
al-Huthi on his part accused President Ali Abdullah Saleh of
joining the United States. On September 10, al-Huthi was
reported to have been killed in the fighting.
On August 28, fourteen Yemenites were sentenced to
imprisonment for up to ten years for various acts of
terrorism, including the attack on the French supertanker
Limburg in 2002 and the blast attack on embassies in the
capital Sana. At the same time, one person was sentenced to
death for shooting a police officer at a roadblock in 2002.
On September 19, two men were sentenced to death and four
others to prison for up to ten years for involvement in the
blast attack against the US ship USS Cole 2000.
Nearly 50 representatives of governments, parliaments and
international organizations attended a conference in Sana on
January 11-12 on the theme of democracy, human rights and
the role of the International Criminal Court.
On December 12, 2013, the United States killed 17
civilians when a drone fired a wedding column in Al-Bayda
'province. However, the number of drone attacks was
declining. 41 attacks were carried out in 2012, 26 in 2013
and 14 in 2014.
In August 2014, Houthier in Sanaa launched a series of
demonstrations in the capital against rising energy prices.
The month before, the Houthis had captured the provincial
capital of Amran, where they had defeated the 310th Armored
Brigade and killed its chief, Hameed Al-Qushaibi. On July
29, the government removed the subsidies for fuel, causing
prices to rise 100%. The protests quickly developed violent.
On September 10, 7 protesters were shot by security forces
and on September 18, 40 protesters and Sunni militants were
shot and killed. The Houthis now attacked Sanaa militarily
and took control of the capital on September 21 after
meeting little resistance. On the same day, the Prime
Minister resigned from the post. The Houthis kept a
relatively low profile and announced that they would leave
the capital, once a new prime minister had joined. In
October 2014, President Hadi appointed diplomat Khaled Bahah
as new prime minister. This one took office in November.
The military strength of the Houthis immediately brought
them into conflict with AQAP. On October 9, a bomb attack
was carried out against a demonstration in Sanaa. 47 were
killed and 75 injured - most Houthi supporters. Government
officials designated AQAP as the most likely backers.
On November 7, the UN Security Council issued sanctions
against former President Saleh and two Houthi commanders for
obstructing the political process in the country. Saleh's
party, the General People's Congress, accused President Hadi
of standing behind, removing him from all posts in the
A new government took office on November 9 but without
the participation of Saleh's party and the Houthis. The
Houthis are a Shia sect that make up 35-40% of the
population. Saudi Arabia, which sought to control the
development of the country, accused them of being ruled by
Iran. Consequently, the conflicts in Yemen also gained a
AQAP stepped up its operations in the latter half of
2014. In August, 11 soldiers were killed in 3 attacks in the
southern part of the country. On December 31, a suicide
bomber detonated outside a cultural center marking Prophet
Muhammad's birthday. 23 were killed. And on January 7, a
large car bomb ran outside the Sanaa Police Academy. 38 were
killed and 90 injured. A few days later, AQAP assumed
responsibility for the Paris attack against Charlie
Hebdo. However, several other Islamist organizations
did as well.
Pastor Hadi formally resigned from the presidential post
in January 2015. Meanwhile, the Houthi militia allied with
military units loyal to former President Saleh continued
their advance to the south, and in March they captured the
port city of Aden. Most of the country was now under their
control and the AQAP was militarily heavily pressured.