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Yearbook 2004

Flag - UgandaUganda. At the request of Uganda, the International Criminal Court (ICC) in The Hague began examining the Christian fundamentalist rebel movement Lord's Resistance Army (LRA). During the 17-year war, the LRA is estimated to have robbed 20,000 children, who were forced to become soldiers or sex slaves. The number of internal refugees due to the LRA ravages increased to 1.6 million in 2004; a doubling of less than a year. According to Doctors Without Borders, the death rate in refugee camps is alarmingly high, especially among children. According to CountryAAH, the total population in Uganda is 45,741,018 people in 2020. The most common causes of death are normally relatively easily cured diseases such as malaria, diarrhea and respiratory problems.

2004 Uganda

In the LRA's worst attack of the year, about 200 people were killed in a refugee camp in Barlonya in the northeast in February. The ICC said that special attention would be given to that attack. The human rights organization Human Rights Watch (HRW) called on the ICC to investigate all parties involved in the conflict. The Ugandan Human Rights Commission supported HRW's assertion that security forces routinely use torture. A geographically limited ceasefire announced by the government in November paved the way for peace negotiations, but an expected peace agreement on New Year's Eve went to nothing since the LRA interrupted the negotiations at the last moment.

In January, the government began negotiations with the opposition for a return to multi-party systems. At about the same time, President Yoweri Museveni resigned from the army, which was interpreted as being due to a constitutional change in the presidential election in 2006, when he would otherwise have to resign. As a military, he would also be prohibited from working in a political party.

The Constitutional Court annulled the 2000 referendum that formally abolished the multi-party system. The Court said that the law that made the referendum possible was enforced in a constitutional way in Parliament. The government accused the court of "depriving the people of its power" and appealed to the Supreme Court, which approved the referendum. However, the Supreme Court also found that the referendum law itself was illegal. In December, the Constitutional Court struck again and annulled the law prohibiting political parties from running for election.

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