Suriname. In February, at the request of Guyana, the
border dispute with Suriname on an oil-rich area in the sea
outside the two countries' land borders was referred to the
United Nations Naval Court, after the Caribbean cooperation
organization CARICOM failed to present a solution. According
to CountryAAH, the total population in Suriname is 586,643 people in 2020.
the border conflict, the two countries nevertheless
gradually opened the year for talks on cooperation in a
number of areas.
In January 2004, as a means of strengthening the country's
economy, the Dutch guilder was abolished as its currency. It
was replaced by suriname dollars.
No candidate got 2/3 of the vote in parliament in the
first round of the presidential election in July 2005. The
result was repeated in the second round of elections, with
Ronald Venetiaan receiving 27 votes against Rabin
Parmessar's 20. In the end, the General Assembly, consisting
of 891 parliamentarians and local politicians from
municipalities and districts to re-elect Venetiaan as
president by 560 out of 879 votes. At the same time, Ram
Sardjoe was elected Vice President. The parliamentary
elections were won by the New Front for Democracy and
Development with 41.2% of the vote.
In May 2006, the country was hit by heavy rainstorms,
triggering extensive flooding. Over 30,000 km2
were submerged, and 175 villages were almost "erased by the
map" after being covered by up to 2 m of mud. 25,000 lost
everything they had. The government characterized it as a
"disaster situation" and called for immediate assistance
from international organizations.
The 2006 IWGIA Annual Report criticized a mining law
discussed in parliament for being racially discriminatory.
If the law was passed, it would cause more Native American
communities in the northern part of the country to be
displaced to make way for new mines. At the same time, IWGIA
pointed out that residents in the outskirts of the new mines
would be exposed to mercury contamination that could cause
birth defects and poisoning.
In October, several more homeless people sleeping on the
streets were murdered in the capital. Two of them had been
fired as early as February and the other two had been
ignited with gasoline in May. The last victim was killed
with an ax. Police suspected it was a serial killer. The
number of homeless people in the capital has risen in recent
years. Most of them with mental health problems.