the total population in Saint Lucia is 183,638 people in 2020.
Even before Columbus invaded the island in 1502 and named it
Santa Lucía, it had been conquered by the warriors of the
Caribbean, who had displaced the indigenous people,
the arawak, who had reached the island from South
Neither Spaniards nor Englishmen were able to fight the
local resistance. In 1660, the French settled on the island
and it began 150 years of struggle with the British for
control of the island. At least 14 times the flag over the
island was changed.
With the Paris Treaty of 1814, Britain gained control of
the island - until its independence in 1978. The language of
patois - a mixture of French and African languages
- is one of the remaining signs of the long French
As a British colony, St. Lucia transformed into a sugar
plantation and populated with African slaves. Agriculture
remains the country's most important economic activity, but
already 20 years ago bananas replaced sugar cane as the most
important crop. There are also cocoa and coconut
During the colonial period, the country was administered
with the other British Isles among the small Antilles, and
in 1959-62 it was part of the West Indies Federation and had
its own governor. In 1967 it gained increased autonomy and a
new constitution within the framework of the West Indies.
However, the disagreements between them led to separate
negotiations on independence.
The first elections as an independent state were made in
1979 and were won by St. Lucia's Workers 'Party (SLP), which
beat then-Prime Minister John GM Compton's Workers' Unity