Rwanda. In a series of ceremonies, in April Rwanda
observed the ten-year commemoration of the 1994 genocide,
when at least 800,000 people were killed. The anniversaries
coincided with a diplomatic conflict with France, after a
French investigation blamed current President Paul Kagame
for the 1994 firing of the then President Juvénal
Habyarimana's aircraft. The genocide was carefully planned
and prepared for a long time, but the death of the president
became the igniting spark. Kagame, who at the time led the
Tutside-dominated guerrilla Front Patriotique Rwandais
(FPR), accused the French state of having trained and
equipped the hutumilies who carried out the genocide. Kagame
also investigated France's suspected role in the genocide.
CountryAAH, the total population in Rwanda is 12,952,229 people in 2020.
Former Minister of Education Jean de Dieu Kamuhanda and
former Finance Minister Emmanuel Ndindabahizi were sentenced
to life imprisonment at the UN War Criminal Tribunal for
Rwanda, and former mayor of Rusamo City, Sylvestre
Gacumbitsi, sentenced to 30 years. In September, for the
first time, a Catholic priest was brought before the UN
Court. Athanase Seromba is charged with having massacred
hutumilis up to 2,000 Tutsis seeking protection in his own
parish church. In September, the trial of former
commander-in-chief General Augustin Bizimungu also began.
In June, a court in Rwanda sentenced former President
Pasteur Bizimungu to 15 years in prison for, among other
things. upswing and embezzlement of state funds. Bizimungu,
who belonged to the FPR despite being a hutu, was Rwanda's
first president after the genocide. He resigned in 2000
after criticizing FPR for unilaterally favoring the Tutsin
minority. Of the few who dared to speak, the trial and
verdict against Bizimungu received criticism for political
governance, and according to Amnesty International, some
evidence had been forced through torture.
After ten years of state ethereal monopoly, the first
private radio stations were allowed since the genocide.
Private radio has been a sensitive issue, since before and
during the genocide there were radio broadcasts with serious
propaganda against the Tutsis.