Paraguay. On June 29, the former Army Chief and General
Lino Oviedo voluntarily returned from his five-year exile in
Argentina and Brazil. He was sentenced to ten years in
prison in March 1999 for a military uprising against the
government in April 1996, and is also charged with lying
behind the assassination of Vice President Luis María Argaña
in 1999. His return was surrounded by a major security
dispute because the authorities feared a riot in solidarity
with Oviedo from his followers, but nothing happened.
The issue of land reform was hot during the year.
CountryAAH, the total population in Paraguay is 7,132,549 people in 2020.
organizations, which represent the 30% of the population who
do not own any land, have increased the occupations of
unused land which they claim amount to an area of 100,000
hectares. In January, actions in the province of Caaguazú
led to clashes with police, where two people were killed and
eight injured. On September 24, the farmer's umbrella
organization then agreed with the government to accept a
proposal for the immediate distribution of 13,000 hectares
of land to landless farmers in exchange for an end to the
land occupations initiated during the year. A week later, a
land ownership tax was also introduced, which is estimated
to bring in up to $ 125 million to be used for land reform.
But some farmer organizations instead increased the
occupations in December.
Paraguay - Asuncion
Asunción, the capital of Paraguay; 523,200 residents (2018), with suburbs 2.
3 million. Asuncion, Paraguay's only major city, completely dominates the
country's social, cultural and economic life and is further the center of
education and communication. Foreign transport is mainly via Argentina (road
connection via bridge over the Paraguay River; rail via Encarnación in southeast
Paraguay). A large part of the country's exports (wood, cotton, soybeans, etc. )
are shipped by riverboats from the port of Asuncion. Asuncion has a diverse
industry, partly based on the region's agricultural products.
The city was founded in 1537 (beginning with Marie Ascension Day, hence the
name - Spanish Asuncion means 'Ascension'). It was once the center of
Spanish colonial politics in eastern South America, until it was overrun by
Buenos Aires in the 17th century. In 1811, Asuncion became the capital of the
then-formed Paraguay. The city has beautiful remains of Spanish colonial