Papua New Guinea. According to
CountryAAH, the total population in Papua New Guinea is 8,947,035 people in 2020. Prime Minister Michael Somare visited
China at the beginning of the year and signed a number of
important trade agreements. China plans, among other things,
large investments in nickel and cobalt mining in Papua New
Guinea to secure raw materials for the extensive Chinese
iron and steel production. There are also plans for Chinese
gas extraction in Papua New Guinea. The previously uncertain
gas pipeline project to Australia got a fresh start during
the year, when a subsidiary of ExxonMobil struck a deal with
Domestic politics was as unstable as before. In April,
the opposition made a failed attempt to gather support in
Parliament to unseat Prime Minister Somare. At the same
time, there was a prolonged battle over the election of a
new general governor. After a series of unsuccessful polls,
Paulias Matane could be elected by a small majority in May.
Increasingly violent crime and corruption forced the
government to comply with former colonial power Australia's
demand to include its own police and state officials in aid
to Papua New Guinea. In December, the first Australian
police officers began patrolling Papua New Guinea's streets.
After several volcanic eruptions, at the end of the year,
authorities were forced to evacuate over 9,000 people from
the island of Manam in eastern Papua New Guinea, where
residents' chances of survival disappeared as a result of
falling volcanic ash.
The result of the somewhat chaotic election process was
only clear a month later, when it became clear that the
leader of the National Alliance, Michael Somare, had won a
majority. One of the new prime minister's first office
actions was to halt the privatization program launched under
his predecessor Moraute. As a reason, Somare indicated that
the state needed more time to analyze the basis of the
program and what benefits it could provide for the state.
Both the World Bank and the IMF were major supporters of the
privatization program. Among the new goals of the new
government were the adoption of immediate steps to combat
poverty, chronic unemployment and widespread crime.
88 Australians died in a terrorist attack on Bali in
Indonesia in October 2002. It helped develop a demand by the
Australian government to intervene in neighboring internal
affairs - notably Solomon Islands and Papua. In December
2003, therefore, an agreement was reached between Australia
and Papua on the posting of 230 Australian police officers
and 70 senior Australian officials in Papua in 2004.
Initially, the Government of Papua had sharply rejected the
Australian claim go referred to it as "neocolonialist", but
it got Australia's Prime Minister John Howard to threaten to
cease development assistance to Papua. That forced Somare's
government to bow, and the first Australian police arrived
in Papua in December 2003.
In the May and June 2005 elections, Joseph Kabui of the
Bougainville People's Congress was elected President of the
Bougainville Autonomous Government with 54.7% of the vote.
In 2005, China decided to finance the opening of a cobalt
and nickel mine in Papua worth $ 650 million. US $. In
January 2006, the Chinese government, through the
state-owned Chinese oil company, signed an agreement with
Papua on joint extraction of the country's gas deposits.