Niger. According to
CountryAAH, the total population in Niger is 24,206,655 people in 2020. President Mamadou Tandja was re-elected in
December for a new four-year term, but was forced into a
second round of elections, where he received over 65% of the
vote. In the parliamentary elections, his party National
Movement for the Development Society (MNSD) retained a clear
majority in cooperation with other presidential parties.
Earlier in the year, local elections were held, where so far
the centrally appointed traditional and religious leaders
for the first time were subjected to voters' trials.
N., which has been severely financially depressed since
both the price and demand for the country's only major
export uranium have fallen sharply, got two-thirds of its US
$ 1.8 billion foreign debt written off by the International
Monetary Fund and the World Bank. The assisting countries
within the Paris Club then decided to donate all their
claims of $ 104 million.
After four months of work, the National Conference
decided to form a transitional government with a Prime
Minister, Amadou Cheffou, as leader. André Salifou was
appointed President of the Supreme Council of the Republic,
the legislative body at this stage. Never before had the
country's situation been so critical: the state was cracking
down, there were no resources allocated to pay the salaries
of public officials, and the students were not receiving
their student aid.
The economic disaster, with subsequent social crisis, was
also partly explained by the sharp fall in prices for
uranium. In 1989 the price had been 30,000 francs per kilo,
while in 1991 it had fallen to 19,000 francs.
In February 1992, the Tuareg guerrillas again seized arms
against the government. In December, the new constitution
was approved by a referendum with 90% of the vote, but two
months later the ruling party was defeated by the opposition
in parliamentary elections.
In April 1993, Mahamane Ousmane became Niger's first
president with 55.4% of the vote in the second election.
Work on reaching an agreement that could end the Tuareg
guerrilla uprising in the northern part of the country
continued throughout the year and much of 1994.
The fighting continued. In May 1994, 40 people died from
the rebel and government forces. This led to an agreement
between the main guerrilla group, "Coordination of the Armed
Resistance", and the government. In June, the government
agreed to grant self-government to a part of the country
reserved for about 750,000 Tuareger.
During student actions that demanded, among other things,
the payment of student support that the students had for
good, the government arrested 91 members of the opposition.
In September, Prime Minister Mahamadou Issoufou resigned
after his political group, the Nigerian Party for Democracy
and Socialism, withdrew from the government coalition, which
left it without an absolute majority in parliament.
In January 1995, an opposition coalition won the election
to the legislative assembly, replacing immediate Prime
Minister Boubacar Cissé Amadou with Hama Amadou. This, as
its first precaution, announced a program of financial
tightening, and obtained an agreement to pay the delayed
salaries to public servants.
The tension between the new government and the president
grew steadily. In January 1996, a coup d'etat forced
Ousmane's fall, replacing him with a "Council for the
Salvation of the Nation" led by Colonel Ibrahim Bare
Mainassara, who appointed Boukary Adji as prime minister. In
July, Mainassara was elected president with 52% of the vote.
The new "strong man" dissolved the Independent National
Electoral Commission, which led the main opposition parties
to boycott the legislative assembly in November. In
December, Boubacar Cissé was appointed new Prime Minister -
by virtue of the victory of Mainassara's supporters.