Burma. According to
CountryAAH, the total population in Myanmar is 54,409,811 people in 2020. 77-year-old Tin Oo, vice-chairman of the
opposition party National Democracy Association (NLD), was
moved from prison to house arrest in February, and in April,
NLD's headquarters in Rangoon was opened after a year's
closure. However, no more concessions to the opposition did
the military junta, and when in May it started a new round
of negotiations on a new constitution, the NLD and several
ethnic minorities boycotted the talks.
The government's so-called roadmap for democracy also
received sharp criticism from the UN. The UN agency ILO
reported in May that forced labor is still widespread in
Burma and that the government has not made significant
efforts to overcome it.
In July, the United States extended the ban on all
imports from Burma by one year. In return, the state-owned
Thai energy company PTTEP signed a contract worth at least
US $ 18 million to develop and operate two gas fields in the
sea outside Burma for 25 years.
An internal power struggle in the military junta led to
several government reforms in the autumn. Prime Minister
Khin Nyunt and Foreign Minister Win Aung, who were both
believed to have advocated some close ties to the
opposition, were among those dismissed. Lieutenant-General
Soe Win was appointed new Prime Minister, who is considered
to advocate tough grip on regime critics. The victorious
Junta prisoner accused Khin Nyunt of corruption and abuse of
power and dissolved the military intelligence service he had
In late autumn, Juntan released 14,000 prisoners who were
said to have been arrested on incorrect grounds, but most
were ordinary criminals. Only a handful of political
prisoners were released.
2017 Genocide on Rohingya
In the fall of 2017, the security forces' repression of
the Rohingya people developed into actual genocide. On
August 25, the regime claimed 71 people had been killed
during a Rohingya attack on 24 police stations and a
military base in Rakhine state. There were reportedly 1
soldier, 1 border officer, 10 police officers and 59 rebels.
The security forces then massively embarked on the
repression of the Rohingya people throughout Rakhine: their
villages burned down, the women raped, the men, women,
children and old arbitrarily executed. The genocide
triggered a massive influx of refugees against Bangladesh.
Two months later, more than ½ million. rohingyar out of 1
million. escaped. In satellite photos only the many burnt
villages are seen. 30,000 Buddhists and Hindus were also
evacuated. Their story was that they had become by Rohingya.
Aung San Suu Kyi categorically refused to distance himself
from the military genocide. This sparked international
criticism of the country's formal leader and demands from
former Nobel laureates that she should have taken her peace
prize. South African Bishop Desmond Tutu also criticized
her. Myanmar denied journalists and international observers
access to Rakhine, so the stories were based on the refugee
horror stories and studies of satellite photos. (so the
stories were based on the refugees' horror stories and
studies of satellite photos. (so the stories were based on
the refugees' horror stories and studies of satellite
In November, DanChurchAid characterized the conditions in
Bangladesh's refugee camps as appalling. The camps were
poorly built on valley slopes, and there was a prospect that
the rainy season could flush away the poorly built homes.
Many pointed to the fact that after the takeover of civil
power in early 2016, the military took the opportunity to
"resolve" the ethnic and religious conflicts in the north
and south with military means and allow the "civilian"
government to take criticism.
In August 2018, the United Nations published a report
laying the responsibility for the Rakhine genocide on the
Burmese military. The dictatorship had banned the UN from
accessing the country, so the study underlying the report
was based on interviews with victims of the massacres. The
report criticized Aung San Suu Kyi's passive role: "She has
neither used her de-facto role as government leader nor her
moral position to curb or hinder events in Rakhine." The
publication of the report led Amnesty International, Human
Rights Watch, Fortify Rights and Save the Children to call
on the ICC to initiate an investigation into the genocide.
(Myanmar's military accused of genocide in damning UN
report, Guardian 27/8 2018)
In November, Amnesty International stripped Aung San Suu
Kyi of her honor as a courtesy ambassador she was awarded in
2009 when she was in house arrest. Amnesty found that she
had shamefully betrayed the ideas she once stood for. In
September, she had defended the sentence of 7 years in
prison for two Reuters journalists who had investigated the
military massacres at Rohingya in Rakhine.