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Iceland

Yearbook 2004

Flag - IcelandIceland. According to CountryAAH, the total population in Iceland is 341,254 people in 2020. Iceland was thrown into a constitutional crisis in the spring, after President Ólafur Ragnar Grímsson refused to sign a bill that was voted on in the parliament. The proposal had been put forward by Prime Minister Davið Oddsson and aimed to prevent ownership monopoly in the mass media. Prime Minister Oddsson, however, was accused of tailoring the law to access a personal enemy, who controlled the media group Norurljós (Norrsken). Oddsson, who is leading the Conservative Independence Party, decided to announce a referendum on the bill. Opinion polls showed that the prime minister would lose big and he also met opposition from the government's collaborative partner, the middle-aged Progress Party. The government therefore decided to withdraw the bill.

In September, Progress Party leader Halldór Ásgrímsson took over as prime minister and Davið Oddsson succeeded Ásgrímsson as foreign minister. The exchange was part of the coalition agreement that the two government parties had concluded after the 2003 general election.

During the fall, Iceland's elementary school teachers went on strike with demands for substantial salary increases. When no settlement was reached after eight weeks, the Althingi voted in November for a compulsory law that required teachers to return to work. The dispute would then be settled by arbitration.

2004 Iceland

Icelanders are descendants of Europeans, who from the year 874 began to arrive on the island. Today, the population is predominantly descendants of Norwegians, Scots and Irish. Iceland was an independent republic in the years 930-1264, but with the Treaty of 1263 it became subject to the Norwegian kingdom.

From 1381 Iceland and Norway were conquered by Denmark, but while Norway broke ties with the colonial power in 1814, Iceland continued as part of the Danish monarchy. Until the end of the century, there were no roads or bridges in the country, and the trade was in the hands of Danish companies.

Everything was restored in 1845 as an advisory assembly of 20 elected and 6 elected governors. In 1874, the thing gained a limited legislative authority in the country's internal affairs. In 1904, Iceland was granted a Council of State with its seat in Reykjavik and with responsibility to the Alting. By this, the country had become a parliamentary democracy. The voting rights were gradually extended to all adult men and women. In 1918, Iceland became an independent state in union with Denmark. Iceland declared itself neutral in conflicts between states and today has no form of armed defense. According to Icelandic wishes, Denmark was in charge of foreign policy. It continued until Germany occupation of Denmark in 1940. The Union agreement could be terminated after 25 years, which Iceland was preparing for. In the interwar period, renewal took place in agricultural legislation, modern farming practices were introduced and this contributed to the revitalization of agriculture. From 1920 there was a steady growth in fishery production and processing, and a significant expansion of the road network took place.

In May 1940, Iceland became occupied by England. The following year, Iceland entered into a military agreement with the United States and the English forces were replaced with North Americans. Under the agreement, the US was to leave Iceland at the end of the war. With the blessing of the Allies, Iceland was declared a republic at Þingvellir on June 17, 1944.

 

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