Haiti. According to
CountryAAH, the total population in Haiti is 11,402,539 people in 2020.
The multi-year political crisis in Haiti reached
its climax at the beginning of the year. At a meeting in
Jamaica on January 31 with the Caribbean partner CARICOM,
President Jean-Bertrand Aristide, under threat of economic
sanctions, accepted a six-point program for political
stability and political reform. But in Haiti, violent
clashes between police and supporters and opponents of the
president took place at the same time.
On February 5, the violence took the form of a total
uprising against President Aristide by storming the rebel
police station in the city of Gonaïves in northern Haiti.
The entire department of Artibonite was declared an
independent zone by self-proclaimed mayor Etienne Winter.
The uprising soon spread to other cities in the north, most
notably Cap-Haiti, where Guy Philippe, a former military and
police chief in the city, took the lead. The forces he led
to march toward the capital called himself the Front de
Résistance Artibonite and was a diverse collection of former
soldiers from the army and members of death squadrons and
various militias, among others. the so-called Cannibal Army
(Armée Cannibale) under Amiot Métayer, who previously
supported the president but now turned against him.
The insurgents focused primarily on attacks on police
stations, and since the police, who, after President
Aristide's abolition of the US call for the country's army
responsible for the internal order, proved unable to control
the situation, Milis of Aristide supporters instead took on
its role. Under threat of civil war, Aristide fled the
country at the end of February, first to the Central African
Republic, and then to South Africa. Supreme Court President
Boniface Alexandre assumed office, but unrest continued for
the rest of the year.
At the end of May, Haiti was hit by a major tropical
storm that left close to 2,000 dead. Large floods and
landslides followed in the wake of the storm, especially in
the southeastern part of the country. The basic reason why
the disaster became so widespread was generally considered
to be the massive deforestation in the country that takes
place in the wake of poverty. 10 million trees are cut down
annually to be used as fuel.