Guinea. At the beginning of the year, Prime Minister
Lamine Sidimé was forced to leave. He was replaced by former
Foreign Minister François Lonseny Fall. Several other
leading politicians were also allowed to leave. Prosecution
was brought in April against opposition politician Sidya
Touré and a high-ranking military accused of coup plans.
Both rejected the charges. Several other members of Touré's
party Republican Forces Union (UFR) had previously been
arrested following similar charges. Fall did not last long
as prime minister. He left the post at the end of April,
when he was abroad. As a reason, he cited the difficulties
of implementing political and economic reforms. Fall said
the arrest of Touré had made his task more difficult.
However, the opposition politician was released in July
without any trial being held. The release took place before
Guinea's negotiations with the EU.
During the summer, the World Bank stopped new loans to
Guinea, as the country had not been able to pay off old debts.
Other donors also froze their support for the country. The
economic crisis became more and more noticeable. Agriculture
had a bad year and disruptions in electricity supply led to
reduced industrial production. High food prices and the fact
that many government employees had not received their wages
triggered a series of street protests.
CountryAAH, the total population in Guinea is 13,132,806 people in 2020.
Almost all Sierra Leonean refugees had returned to their
home country in August. At most, more than 90,000 Sierra Leoneans had sought refuge in
Guinea. Later in the year, a
program would be launched to help about 73,000 refugees
return to Liberia.
In October, a dozen people who had been arrested in 2003
were arrested for preparing a coup. Judicial proceedings
began the same month against twelve soldiers who were also
accused of planning a coup attempt.
In December, the former Minister of Fisheries, Cellou
Dalien Diallo, was appointed new Prime Minister after the
post had been vacant for almost eight months.