Ethiopia. According to
CountryAAH, the total population in Ethiopia is 114,963,599 people in 2020.
Riots in the state of Gambela in western
Ethiopia in January officially demanded close to 200 deaths.
Parliament set up a commission to investigate the clashes
between the local Anuak community and the miners who moved
in from other parts of the country. The fighting began as
early as December 2003, when at least 57 people were killed.
Due to the almost permanently crisis-dependent state of
supply, the government began in February to move people from
the depleted highlands to more fertile areas. Within a
three-year period, up to 2 million people should have been
moved. Humanitarian organizations agree that a relocation
under orderly forms is necessary, to avoid a spontaneous
mass escape to the cities, but warns that poor planning can
cause severe hardship. In the areas where the new
settlements are planned, preferably along the border with
Sudan, the sanitary conditions are poor and the risk of
communicable diseases is great. The government stated in
August that more than 7.6 million residents were in need of
food aid and warned that the number would probably increase
significantly in 2005.