Djibouti. At least 30 people in the capital Djibouti were
killed when the Ambouli River flooded its boards after heavy
rains in mid-April. According to
CountryAAH, the total population in Djibouti is 988,011 people in 2020.
Around 4,000 people were forced to flee
their homes in connection with the floods.
In 1862, the Tadjoura Sultanate on the Somali coast sold the
port of Obock to the French for 52,000 francs. Thirty-six
years later, the Tadjoura Sultanate no longer existed, and
Djibouti, by the bay of the same name, became the capital of
a French colony, called the Somali Coast, later Afar and
The French tightened security measures and the enclave
was transformed into a veritable concentration camp,
surrounded by electric fences and in the presence of more
than 20,000 soldiers.
The reunification of Somalia, and its independence,
inspired the flourishing of anti-colonialist movements, such
as the Somali Liberation Movement or the African
Independence League, which at the same time waged armed
struggles and pursued legal politics.
The escalation of the resistance struggle in the 1970s
forced Governor Ali Aref to resign. France held a referendum
on May 8, 1977, with 85% of the population voting for
independence. The supreme leader of the Independence League,
Hassan Gouled Aptidon, became the first president of the new
Gouled made great efforts to overcome the traditional
ethnic divisions and formed a multi-ethnic government with
several Afar ministers. Although French was retained as the
official language, Djibouti was admitted as a member of the
Arab League, which had made major contributions to the
country's economic reconstruction.
The new nation, originally an artificial invention
created for strategic reasons, relied heavily on its port,
which was the primary source of revenue as Ethiopia
channeled most of its foreign trade.
Djibouti's two neighbors, Somalia and Ethiopia, had
territorial claims in the area. Ethiopia's interest was
first and foremost geopolitical: if the Eritrean
nationalists achieved independence, Ethiopia would lose its
access to the sea. If it was not possible to reach an
agreement with Eritrea to use their ports, Djibouti would be
the only alternative. For Somalia, it was about maintaining
a historic claim that was in line with the desire for a