Chad. According to
CountryAAH, the total population in Chad is 16,425,875 people in 2020. Chad was affected during the year by the conflict
in the Darfur region of neighboring Sudan, where black
Africans were chased from their villages by Arab militia.
About 130,000 Darfur refugees resided on the Chadian side of
the border and military activities also reached Chad.
In March, the UNHCR stated that the Sudanese militia
carried out raids against the refugee camps in Chad daily,
and the UNHCR was forced to move refugees further into Chad.
The Chadian government deployed troops at the border.
In May there were regular battles between Chadian army
soldiers and Sudanese Arab militia, who were reported to
have attacked a Chadian border village. Chad claimed that 60
militiamen were killed in the fighting. The conflict led
Sudanese and Chadian diplomats to meet for talks. A number
of measures were agreed to prevent the violence in Darfur
from reaching Chad. it was decided on joint border patrols.
In May, Chad's parliament approved a constitutional
amendment that would allow President Idriss Déby to stand
for re-election, even when his second term expires in 2006.
The opposition called for a nationwide strike in protest of
the decision, and the call was widely followed.
During the summer, Chad was hit by huge grasshopper
swarms and the country appealed for international help to
combat the plague.
In December, a new peace agreement with MDJT was signed
in Burkina Faso.
With the aim of President Déby being able to stand for a
third term in the 2006 presidential election, in June 2005 a
referendum was held to amend the constitution. The change
was adopted by 66% of the vote. In November, former
President Habré was arrested in Senegal, charged with crimes
against humanity. Insurgent forces attacked the city of Adre
near the border with Sudan in December 2005. N'Djamena
accused Khartoum of being behind the attack.
In January 2006, President Déby supported a bill that
reduced the investment rate from oil export revenues. In
response, the World Bank suspended its loans to the country
and frozen the government's accounts. In March, authorities
said they had averted a military coup attempt. In a new coup
attempt in April, insurgent troops fought against government
troops outside the capital. Chad now severed diplomatic
relations with Sudan, which it accused of being behind the
Despite the tense security situation, in May presidential
elections were held. It was boycotted by the opposition. Not
surprisingly, Déby therefore won the election with 64.7% of
Sudan and Chad signed an agreement in May 2007 to
establish a security zone under UN control in Darfur (see
Sudan ). The proposal had been tabled by Saudi Arabia and
anticipated the deployment of international observers. The
UN warned that the conflict could spread from Darfur into
In July 2007, Debby's son, Brahim, was found dead in a
Paris parking garage. He had apparently died of powder from
a powder extinguisher and the French police launched a
murder investigation. Brahim had been fired as a government
adviser the year before because he had been in possession of
drugs and weapons. Insurgent leader Makaila Nguebla stated
that Brahim was the primary reason why ministers had
withdrawn from their posts. Even senior ministers had been
beaten and humiliated by the president's son.
Nevertheless, the conflict in Darfur spread into Chad and
reached the capital N'Djamena in February 2008, where
battles lasted for several days. Over the course of a few
days, the rebels were defeated by government troops, and
Déby declared at a press conference Feb. 6 that there were
mercenaries ruled by Sudan. He further stated that Chad's
army had control over the country. In 2008, Chad had
received 280,000 refugees from Darfur, 55,000 from the
Central African Republic and had 170,000 internally