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Canada

Yearbook 2004

Canada. According to CountryAAH, many expected Prime Minister Paul Martin to announce new elections at the beginning of the year in order to obtain a strong mandate to continue. However, his position was weakened by a corruption scandal, which took place in the mid-1990s, but the extent of which was now clear.

2004 CanadaOn February 16 elections were held in Nunavut. All candidates stood for independence. A few weeks later, Paul Okalik was re-elected as head of government for the territory.

In March, economist Stephen Harper was elected new leader of the Conservative Party, which was formed in late 2003 through a merger of the Progressive Conservative Party and the Canadian Alliance.

In April, the largest sales hunt began in 50 years - 350,000 animals would be killed by the end of May. This aroused protests from animal rights organizations. Authorities claimed that the seal strain had become so large that it posed a threat to other animal species.

2004 Canada

In the late spring, Paul Martin announced parliamentary elections until June 28. The Liberal Party was for a long time side by side with the Conservative Party in the polls. The Liberals went to elections promising better care while the Conservative Party promised to lower taxes and give more money to the defense. The Liberal Party managed to maintain its position as the country's largest party but lost its majority in parliament. The party got almost 37% of the vote and 135 of the 308 seats, while the Conservative party got 99 seats. Both the Quebec Bloc (BQ) and the Social Democratic New Democratic Party (NDP) made good choices and got 54 and 19 seats respectively.

The Liberals' victory was considered to be largely due to the party's success in retaining many of its voters in populous Ontario, despite the dissatisfaction with the Liberal provincial government breaking a ballot promise and raising taxes shortly before the election. The Conservatives did the best in Western Canada, where the Liberals previously had a weak position. The turnout was 60%. Martin formed a minority government July 20, the first in Canada in 25 years.

In order to push through its proposals in Parliament, the Liberals must rely on the support of various parties. The prime minister retained most of his ministers from the former government. Among the newcomers were British Columbia's former head of government, Ujjal Dosanjh, who became health minister, and former ice hockey star Ken Dryder was given responsibility for social development. The popular Foreign Minister Bill Graham had to change jobs and now became Minister of Defense.

In September, the provinces received an equivalent of just over US $ 31 billion for health care investments. At the same time, the provinces were given the responsibility to develop a national strategy for pharmaceutical issues, reduction of care queues and recruitment of health care personnel. The larger cities received an extra grant to extend child care until 2010.

On September 30, Martin extended Governor General Adrienne Clarkson's term of office for another six years.

The provincial election in Alberta November 22 was won by the Conservatives who won 61 of the 83 seats.

Partnership laws, which allowed same-sex people to marry, were introduced during the year in Quebec, Manitoba, Nova Scotia, Saskatchewan and Yukon Territory.

In early December, US President George W. Bush visited the country, which was seen as an attempt to improve contacts with Canada that had opposed the war against Iraq in 2003. Martin's representative Jean Chrétien had a frosty relationship with Bush.

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