Cameroon. According to
CountryAAH, the total population in Cameroon is 26,545,874 people in 2020. President Paul Biya was re-elected in October
with almost 71% of the vote. The victory was facilitated by
the split within the opposition, which sought to bring
forward Adamou Ndam Njoya as joint candidate. However,
veteran John Fru Ndi argued that the election of Njoya was
not democratic and also ran for office. Mrs Ndi received
just over 17% and Njoya only 4.5%. President Biya has ruled
Cameroon since 1982. In a government reshuffle in December, he
appointed his head of office Ephraim Inoni as new prime
Dozens of former public servants and directors of state
corporations were arrested, accused of corruption. Several
of them stated that the charges were due to political
disagreements and jealousy.
In November 2010, the author Bertrand Teyou published
La belle de la republic bananière: Chantal Biya, de la rue
au palais (Queen of the Banana Republic. The regime
responded again by sentencing Teyou to 2½ years in prison
for defamation and for trying to read aloud from his book at
a public meeting. Amnesty and PEN went into the case, and
after 5 months they succeeded in getting the author released
against PEN paying his fine.
Biya was re-elected as President in October 2011 with
77.9% of the vote. His closest rival, John Mrs. Ndi had to
settle for 10%. By the opposition, he was accused of
extensive electoral fraud, and even the country's allies
France and the United States noted significant
irregularities. Biya has maintained its close relationship
with France and spends much of the year at luxury hotels in
Opposition is constantly being pursued in the country.
Three members of the Southern Cameroon National Council
(Southern Cameroons National Council, SCNC), Felix Ngalim,
Ebeneza Akwanga and Makam Adamu were arrested in April 2012
accused of detachment and revolution. Ngalim was tortured
and imprisoned for the rest of the year until he was
released in December pending a subsequent trial. The
authorities are notorious for their transgression with such
cases. Dozens of SCNC members were arrested in 2008, accused
of holding secret meetings and failing to show ID cards.
They had attended more than 30 hearings, but an actual case
had not yet been brought by the prosecution because of the
lack of witnesses on the prosecutor's side.
In December 2012, Dieudonné Enoh Meyomesse was sentenced
to 7 years in prison at a military court in Yaoundé.
Meyomesse is a writer and had written critical articles on
President Biya. The trial was a farce and he is being
treated by the international human rights organizations as a
political prisoner. He and several co-accused had been
arrested in November 2011 and were sentenced to 2-9 years in
In November 2012, Biya celebrated her 30th day in power.
The opposition had organized a series of demonstrations that
were resolved by the security police. Corruption is
widespread and a growing problem. In September, a former
minister was sentenced to 25 years in prison for swindling $
29 million US $ of state funds.
In December 2014, the regime enacted a far-reaching
"terror law", which resulted in drastic restrictions on
personal liberties, and extended the death penalty to a host
of new "crimes".