Brazil. In the mayoral election in October, the Labor
Party PT (Partido dos Trabalhadores) went strong, winning in
400 municipalities across the country, which was twice as
many as in the previous mayoral elections in 2000. Among
other things, the party won in important state capitals such
as Belo Horizonte and Recife, Brazil's third and fourth
largest cities. In contrast, the party's candidates suffered
heavy losses in São Paulo, where Marta Suplicy lost power to
José Serra PSDB (Partido da Social Democracia Brasileira) -
President Lula da Silva's opponent in the 2002 presidential
election - and in the state of Rio Grande do Sul's capital
Porto Alegre, where the party ruled since 1988.
CountryAAH, the total population in Brazil is 212,559,428 people in 2020.
Accusations against Governor General Henrique Meirelles
and the bank's monetary policy manager Luiz Augusto Candiota
for, among other things, tax fraud led to Candiota's
departure July 28. However, the government defended
Meirelles and in turn accused the opposition of throwing
dirt ahead of the municipal elections in October.
Another disclosure that diluted the dissatisfaction with
PT concerned the use of money by illegal party candidates by
some party candidates.
However, President Lula da Silva is still popular; close
to 60% of the electorate considered him to do a good job two
years after the election.
In October, the controversial bill came into force that
gives the Air Force the right, under certain conditions, to
shoot down aircraft that illegally fly over Brazilian
territory. The law was passed as early as 1986 but has not
been applied because of opposition from the United States,
after Peru's air force shot down a plane with an American
missionary and her children aboard in 2001.
More than 2,000 illegal flights were registered in 2003.
Most are cocaine smuggling from Colombia and weapons to the
FARC guerrillas there. As the government of Colombia
increased the pressure on FARC, guerrilla activities in
Brazil's territory have also increased. In July, for
example, ammunition and detonators were found in Manaus for
delivery to Colombia.
An article in the New York Times May 9 by journalist
Larry Rohter about President Lula da Silva's alcohol habits
created a minor diplomatic crisis with the United States.
However, the President's order to the Minister of Justice to
revoke Rohter's visa produced negative reactions, not only
in Washington but also in the Brazilian media.
On March 27, the landless organization MST (Movimento dos
Sem-Terra) announced a new wave of land occupations. Under
threat of escalated violence, President da Silva responded
by doubling state appropriations for land distribution to
more than $ 1 billion during the year. The number of land
occupations was more than the year before, as was the deadly
violence in land conflicts. Indians also stepped up their
actions to create promised border lines.
Brazil - Brasilia
Brasília, capital of Brazil; 3 million residents (2016). Brasilia is located
on a high plateau near the source streams of the great rivers Paraná, Tocantins
and São Francisco, in the Federal District of Distrito Federal. This is located
in the southeastern part of the state of Goiás, but is administratively a
Brazil, which is primarily an administrative city without major industries,
is the largest and most important example of the urban designs of international
modernism. The plan is the result of a national architectural competition in
1956, won by Lúcio Costa. The city is built along two angular main axles. Along
the east-west, slightly curved axis, residential areas in neighborhood units are
grouped according to the band city principle. The government and administrative
buildings of the country and the city are gathered around the north-south axis.
The most important of these buildings, such as the congress building, the
university and the cathedral, are all designed by Oscar Niemeyer, and
surrounding parks and gardens are designed by Roberto Burle Marx. Brazil was
listed on UNESCO's World Heritage List in 1987.
The new city was planned for 500,000 residents and would be a clean capital.
Industry, commerce and transport primarily serve the city's own population.
Brazil is the seat of the Brazilian government and the center of the country's
administration. Despite the city's solitary location inland, there are both
aviation and road links with all of Brazil's most important cities.
Sealing is a major problem. Half a dozen suburbs, 25-40 km outside Brazil,
hold 1. 3 million residents.
Brazil began to be built in 1956, and in 1960 the transfer of the capital
functions from Rio de Janeiro began. The official inauguration took place on
April 21, 1960. The move had been discussed already during the colonial era and
was entered into the constitution in 1891.