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Botswana

Yearbook 2004

Botswana. In July, a trial began when around 200 people from the Bush People's Basarwa challenged the government's 2002 decision to forcibly relocate them from traditional settlements in the Central Kalahari Game Reserve.

2004 Botswana

Flag - BotswanaAccording to CountryAAH, the total population in Botswana is 2,351,638 people in 2020. Almost 40% of the country's sexually active adults are infected with HIV. But at an international conference on AIDS in Bangkok during the year, Botswana received attention for its anti-AIDS program, which was referred to as the most advanced in Africa. The government promises free treatment with brake medication to anyone in need, and in the capital Gaborone is the world's largest AIDS clinic.

In August, mining company Debswana was forced to temporarily shut down a few of its mines, after a couple of thousand workers went on a wild strike demanding higher wages. The union and the company reached a compromise agreement on wages, but a number of workers lost their jobs. Debswana operates four diamond mines and accounts for almost a third of the Botswana economy.

The October parliamentary elections were won by President Festus Mogae's party, the Botswana Democratic Party (BDP), which has ruled the country ever since independence in 1966. The party took 44 of the parliament's 57 seats, while the Botswana National Front (BNF) got 12 seats. Observers described the election as free and fair. Botswana is considered to have one of the most open political systems in Africa.

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