Botswana. In July, a trial began when around 200 people
from the Bush People's Basarwa challenged the government's
2002 decision to forcibly relocate them from traditional
settlements in the Central Kalahari Game Reserve.
CountryAAH, the total population in Botswana is 2,351,638 people in 2020.
Almost 40% of the country's sexually active adults are
infected with HIV. But at an international conference on
AIDS in Bangkok during the year, Botswana received attention
for its anti-AIDS program, which was referred to as the most
advanced in Africa. The government promises free treatment
with brake medication to anyone in need, and in the capital Gaborone is the world's largest AIDS clinic.
In August, mining company Debswana was forced to
temporarily shut down a few of its mines, after a couple of
thousand workers went on a wild strike demanding higher
wages. The union and the company reached a compromise
agreement on wages, but a number of workers lost their jobs.
Debswana operates four diamond mines and accounts for almost
a third of the Botswana economy.
The October parliamentary elections were won by President
Festus Mogae's party, the Botswana Democratic Party (BDP),
which has ruled the country ever since independence in 1966.
The party took 44 of the parliament's 57 seats, while the
Botswana National Front (BNF) got 12 seats. Observers
described the election as free and fair. Botswana is
considered to have one of the most open political systems in