Bangladesh. The violent riots and nationwide strikes that
have characterized Bangladesh's domestic policy for many
years continued. At the beginning of the year, the police
seized over 7,000 opposition supporters for the alleged
purpose of "preventing a conspiracy against the government".
However, the most serious event of the year was an armed
assault against one of the opposition party's Awami Party
public meetings in the capital Dhaka in August, when at
least 18 people were killed. The party leader and former
Prime Minister Hasina Wajed attended the meeting, but
In June, the Awami Party broke a year-long boycott of
parliamentary work, guaranteeing at least 45 seats for women
through a constitutional amendment.
CountryAAH, the total population in Bangladesh is 164,689,394 people in 2020.
The most severe floods in many years caused damage to
more than the equivalent of SEK 50 billion. during the
summer. The water covered almost 60% of the country's
surface and made over 30 million people homeless. About 600
people were killed. The government estimated that 20 million
residents needed food aid for the rest of the year.
In August, the Indian industrial conglomerate Tata
decided to invest the equivalent of almost SEK 15 billion.
in Bangladesh in exchange for guaranteed gas deliveries for
at least 20 years. The investment is the largest individual
in Bangladesh's history. that Tata is building a power
plant, a steel plant and a factory for the production of
Also in February, elements of the country's border
guards, Bangladesh Rifles revolted in Dakha headquarters.
The rebellion was defeated by the military and 74 killed.
The government subsequently decided to sue suspected
frontier civilian soldiers for their participation in the
uprising. In September 2009, 3,700 border soldiers were
arrested for their possible participation in the uprising.
The government promised several times through 2009 to
stop the security forces' killing of civilians, but until
October 31, 2009, 109 people were murdered by the security
forces. Most murders were committed by the elite unit, Rapid
Action Battalion (RAB), which referred to the circumstances
as "crossfire", "hits" or "shot during escape attempts". The
killings escalated in the second half of the year, and the
government defended the RAB with the elite unit's right to
defend itself. However, investigations showed that there
were often regular executions - most often targeted at
members of banned left-wing parties. On May 27, for example,
RAB killed. two students from Dhaka Polytechnic University:
Mohammad Ali Jinnah and Mohsin Sheikh. They were arrested at
night and RAB subsequently stated that they had been killed
during "escape attempts". There is tradition in Bangladesh
for, that killings committed by security forces are rarely
investigated and the culprits are not convicted. It has
created a culture of impunity around killing,torture and
other forms of oppression of the population. In 2011, RAB
murdered 54 people. Since its inception in 2004, it had
committed 700 murders. Both the United States and the United
Kingdom played a key role in training RAB.
In June 2012, religious riots erupted in neighboring
Myanmar in the state of Rakhine between Buddhists and
Muslims. The riots lasted until October, costing hundreds of
deaths on both sides, thousands of burnt-down houses and up
to 100,000 sent on the run. Many Muslims wanted refuge in
Bangladesh, but Prime Minister Hasina vetoed this.
In November, a fire broke out in the Tazreen Fashions
textile plant in Savar outside Dakah. 112 workers burned in.
Their bosses had locked the doors and prevented the
seamstresses from coming out. Yet two years after the
accident, only 2 of the 16 foreign companies that sewed
clothes on Tazreen paid compensation to the families of the
killed and the survivors. Acc. UN guidelines require
companies to pay compensation when such accidents happen to
directly affiliated subcontractors.
In March 2013, President Rahman was diagnosed with
pneumonia and on March 10 was sent by hospital flight to
Singapore, where he died three days later. The post of
President was temporarily taken over by President Abdul
Hamid, whose first office was to declare three days of
country grief. In his four years as president, Rahman
reached the death sentence 21 times. In comparison, his
predecessors made only 4 pardons in the period 1972-2008. In
other cases, Rahman had changed sentences to life in prison
for a lower sentence - typically 10 years in prison.
Abdul Hamid fully assumed the post of president in April
A fire at the Rana Plaza textile plant in April 2013 cost
over 1,100 lives. The worst occupational accident in the
country's history. It illustrated the hair-raising
conditions the country's textile workers worked under - most
often locked inside the factories. At this point, conditions
were no different than in the United States 100 years
earlier, where a number of fires in textile mills also cost
many hundreds of women their lives. Following the fire, 70
European textile companies signed an agreement to improve
the working conditions of their Bangladesh subcontractors by
conducting regular inspections and publishing the results.
Textile companies in the United States would not sign the
agreement but designed their own, later criticized for not
giving workers in Bangladesh the right to organize.