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The History of Asia

Asia's history is characterized by the intersections of impulses that have come from five different cultures; the Chinese, Indian, Islamic, Central Asian and European.

Different cultures

Chinese influence has at times reached all the way west to Transoxania, leaving deep traces in Korea, Japan, Annam, partly also in Mongolia, Tibet, Thailand and Cambodia, but has not reached India.

Different cultures in Asia

By contrast, Indian influence through Buddhism has played a major role in China and Japan, besides Mongolia, Tibet, Malaya, Cambodia and the East Indies to the Lombok Strait east of Bali. See for other Asian countries and their abbreviations.

The Islamic influence reached in the north to the western provinces of China, in the south it was strong in northern and central India, Malaya and the East Indies (except Bali) and reached close to Luzon in the Philippines.

The Central Asian influence was based on nomadic tribes, linguistically referred to as Huns, Turks and Mongols. In culture-creating ability, they could not compare themselves with the agricultural peoples as they mastered from time to time, but by their conquests they promoted social and trade and conveyed cultural impulses.

European influence has increased continuously from around 1500 to the present time.

History is at different times across Asia. While Babylonia everything in the 3000s BCE. found himself in the light of history, China slipped into around 1500 and India somewhat later, there is no authentic sources for Japan before the 500 century CE. From around 1500 BC., when the Iron Age began in Asia Minor, we can make a full picture of the situation. In the next century or so, the iron reached Japan.

Babylonia and Assyria

Asia's most important cultural centers in ancient times were Babylonia and Assyria. The creators of this culture built on city states, the Sumerians, were displaced by the Akkadians around 2500 BCE, and a world empire founded by the Semites with Babylon as the center.

A later dynasty of conquerors, the Cassites, was again displaced by the Assyrians, who reached their highest power in the 900-800s, but had to give in to a short-lived New Babylonian kingdom, which was destroyed when Babylon in 538 BCE. was conquered by the Persian king Kyros. However, Babylonian culture continued to exert great influence for hundreds of years. Persian dominion reached the last centuries BCE. from the Mediterranean to the Indus, and extended into Central Asia.

Babylonia and Assyria

Hell Hinduism

With Alexander the Great 's rise from 334, European influence for the first time reached Indus. However, neither the Macedonian Empire nor the partisans that emerged after its dissolution had a longer duration. The Hellenistic states of Asia were incorporated into the Roman Empire in the 200-100 BCE.

In India occurred in 322 BCE. a national dynasty, the Mauryans, which represented a heyday, but went down around 185 BCE when conquerors from the northwest invaded. In Iran, Hellenism collapsed with the conquest of the Sassanids, which led to the formation of the Nigerian empire.

In Hellenistic times, contact eastward from the Mediterranean was more vibrant; not only with India, but also across Central Asia with China, which received important impetus, first and foremost Buddhism. In the Tarimba basin, the cultural mix reached a climax in the first centuries CE, the states of Khotan and Kucha built on Chinese, Indian, Persian, Greek and Christian elements.

From their empire in Mongolia and Central Asia, the Huns in the last hundred years BCE. exerted strong pressure along the border with China, but was kept in check during numerous battles with the Qin and Han emperors. However, during the split after the fall of the Han Dynasty in 221 AD (see Han Dynasty and China's history), the country was invaded and from about 300 partially occupied by competing barbarians, Huns, Turks and the Mongolian avars.

Around the year 400, the Huns penetrated far into Europe, and in the mid-400s they appeared in India and weakened the other national ruler house, the Gupta. In the 600s, all the tribes from Manjury to Western Turkestan were pacified by the Chinese Tangkeians.

Hell Hinduism

Islamic conquests

With the Arab migration that began in 632, Islamic conquests began, which again brought India and China into closer contact with a Mediterranean power. As the Arab caliphate that stretched around 750 from Indus in the east to Syr Darja in the north disintegrated, new rulers continued to spread Islam.

Around the year 1200, the whole of northern India was ruled by Islamic princes, and in the late Middle Ages the Islamic dominion was spread further. The Arabs also had sea connections with India and China. Turkish dynasties gradually took over the political leadership in West Asia. In 1453, the Turks conquered Constantinople and later penetrated all the way to Vienna.

Countries in Asia
  1. Afghanistan
  2. Armenia
  3. Azerbaijan
  4. Bahrain
  5. Bangladesh
  6. Bhutan
  7. Brunei
  8. Cambodia
  9. China
  10. Cyprus
  11. East Timor
  12. Georgia
  13. India
  14. Indonesia
  15. Iran
  16. Iraq
  17. Israel
  18. Japan
  19. Jordan
  20. Kazakhstan
  21. Kuwait
  22. Kyrgyzstan
  23. Laos
  24. Lebanon
  25. Malaysia
  26. Maldives
  27. Mongolia
  28. Nepal
  29. North Korea
  30. Myanmar
  31. Oman
  32. Pakistan
  33. Philippines
  34. Qatar
  35. Saudi Arabia
  36. Singapore
  37. South Korea
  38. Sri Lanka
  39. Syria
  40. Tajikistan
  41. Taiwan
  42. Thailand
  43. Turkey
  44. Turkmenistan
  45. United Arab Emirates
  46. Uzbekistan
  47. Vietnam
  48. Yemen

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